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1. Introduction to the toolbar

1.1. What is the toolbar (action bar)?

The toolbar bar (formerly known as action bar) is represented as of Android 5.0 via the Toolbar view group. It can be freely positioined into your layout file. It can display the activity title, icon, actions which can be triggered, additional views and other interactive items. It can also be used for navigation in your application.

Before Android 5.0 the location of the toolbar (actionbar) was hard coded to the top of the activity. It is possible to disable the toolbar via the used theme, but the default Android themes have it enabled.

The following screenshot shows the toolbar of the Google+ Android application with interactive items and a navigation bar. On top it also indicates that the user can open a navigation bar on the side of the application.

ActionBar Screenshot

1.2. Action bar on devices lower than API 21

The toolbar has been introduced in Android 5.0 (API 21). If you want to use the toolbar on devices with an earlier Android release you can use the downport provided by the appcompat-v7 support library. To use the toolbar on such devices add a compile dependency to com.android.support:appcompat to your Gradle build file. For example:

compile `com.android.support:appcompat-v7:22.2.0`

See the following link for setting up the library v7 in your project: http://developer.android.com/tools/support-library/setup.html.

1.3. Once upon a time their was the options menu

Applications with a target SDK version less than API 11 use the options menu, if such a button is present on the device. The option menu is displayed if the user presses the Option button. The toolbar bar is superior to the options menu, as the action bar is clearly visible, while the options menu is only shown on request. In case of the options menu, the user may not recognize that options are available in the application.

2. Using the toolbar

2.1. Creating actions in the toolbar

Entries in the toolbar are typically called actions. While it is possible to create entries in the action bar via code, it is typically defined in an XML resource file.

Each menu definition is contained in a separate file in the res/menu folder. The Android tooling automatically creates a reference to menu item entries in the R file, so that the menu resource can be accessed.

An activity adds entries to the action bar in its onCreateOptionsMenu() method.

The showAsAction attribute allows you to define how the action is displayed. For example, the ifRoom attribute defines that the action is only displayed in the action bar if there is sufficient screen space available.

<menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >

    <item
        android:id="@+id/action_refresh"
        android:orderInCategory="100"
        android:showAsAction="always"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_action_refresh"
        android:title="Refresh"/>
    <item
        android:id="@+id/action_settings"
        android:title="Settings">
    </item>

</menu>

The MenuInflator class allows to inflate actions defined in an XML file and adds them to the action bar. MenuInflator can get accessed via the getMenuInflator() method from your activity. The following example code demonstrates the creation of actions.

@Override
        public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
                MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();
                inflater.inflate(R.menu.mainmenu, menu);
                return true;
        }
While you can define the actions also in your source code, it is good practice to do this via XML files, as this results in less boilerplate code.

2.2. Reacting to action selection

If an action is selected, the onOptionsItemSelected() method in the corresponding activity is called. It receives the selected action as parameter. The usage of this method is demonstrated in the following code snippet.

@Override
        public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
                switch (item.getItemId()) {
                // action with ID action_refresh was selected
                case R.id.action_refresh:
                        Toast.makeText(this, "Refresh selected", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT)
                                        .show();
                        break;
                // action with ID action_settings was selected
                case R.id.action_settings:
                        Toast.makeText(this, "Settings selected", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT)
                                        .show();
                        break;
                default:
                        break;
                }

                return true;
        }

2.3. Search an action in the action bar

To search for a menu item in a menu you can use the findItem() method of the Menu class. This method allows to search by id.

2.4. Changing the menu

The onCreateOptionsMenu() method is only called once. If you want to change the menu later, you have to call the invalidateOptionsMenu() method. Afterwards this onCreateOptionsMenu() method is called again.

2.5. Making the toolbar context sensitive with the contextual action mode

A contextual action mode activates a temporary toolbar that overlays the application toolbar for the duration of a particular sub-task.

The contextual action mode is typically activated by selecting an item or by long clicking on it.

To implement this, call the startActionMode() method on a viewor on your activity. This method gets an ActionMode.Callback object which is responsible for the life cycle of the contextual action bar.

You could also assign a context menu to a view via the registerForContextMenu(view) method. A context menu is also activated if the user "long presses" the view. The onCreateContextMenu() method is called every time a context menu is activated as the context menu is discarded after its usage. You should prefer the contextual action mode over the usage of context menus.

2.6. Contributing to the action bar with fragments

Fragments can also contribute entries to the toolbar bar.

To do this, call setHasOptionsMenu(true) in the onCreate() method of the fragment. The Android framework calls in this case the onCreateOptionsMenu() method in the fragment class. Here the fragment can adds menu items to the toolbar.

2.7. Changing the visibility of the toolbar bar

You can change the visibility of the toolbar at runtime. The following code demonstrates that.

ActionBar actionBar = getActionBar();
actionBar.hide();
// more stuff here...
actionBar.show();

You can also change the text which is displayed alongside the application icon at runtime. The following example shows that.

ActionBar actionBar = getActionBar();
actionBar.setSubtitle("mytest");
actionBar.setTitle("vogella.com");

2.8. Assigning a Drawable

You also add a Drawable to the action bar as background via the ActionBar.setBackgroundDrawable() method.

The toolbar scales the image. Therefore it is best practice to provide a scalable drawable , e.g., a 9-patch or XML drawable.

As of Android 4.2 the background of the action bar can also be animated via an AnimationDrawable.

2.9. Dimming the navigation buttons

You can also dim the software navigation button in your Android application to have more space available. If the user touches the button of the screen, the navigation button is automatically shown again.

Dimming the navigation buttons is demonstrated by the following code snippet.

getWindow().
        getDecorView().
        setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION);

The following screenshots show an application with and without the navigation buttons.

Application with action bar
Application with dimmed action bar

2.10. Using immersive full screen mode

As of Android 4.4 (API 19) you can put your application into full screen mode. The first time this happens the system displays the user the info that he can restore the system bars with a downward swipe along the region where the system bars normally appear.

For example the following method also to put an activity into full screen mode.

// This method hides the system bars and resize the content
        private void hideSystemUI() {
                getWindow().getDecorView().setSystemUiVisibility(
                                        View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN
                                                | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION // hide nav bar
                                                | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN // hide status bar
                                                // remove the following flag for version < API 19
                                                | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE
                                                );
        }

2.11. Enabling the split toolbar

You can define that the toolbar should be automatically split by the system if not enough space is available.

You can activate this via the android:uiOptions="SplitActionBarWhenNarrow" parameter in the declaration of your application activity in the AndroidManifest.xml file.

If this option is activated, Android has the option to split the toolbar. Whether to split is decided by the system at runtime.

3. Exercise: Using the contextual action mode

3.1. Target

In this exercise you add a contextual action mode to one of your existing applications.

3.2. Create menu resource in the res/menu folder

For this, create a new menu XML resource with the actionmode.xml file name. See <xref linkend="androidstudio_createmenu" /> for details.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <item
        android:id="@+id/action_share"
        android:title="Share it"
        >
    </item>
</menu>

3.3. Adjust your coding

Extend your fragment interface.

public class MyListFragment extends Fragment {

    public void goToActionMode(RssItem item) {
        listener.goToActionMode(item);
    }

    public interface OnItemSelectedListener {

            public void onRssItemSelected(String link);

        public void goToActionMode(RssItem item);
    }

Change your activity to implement this new method and also the ActionMode.Callback callback as demonstrated in the following example code.

package com.example.android.rssreader;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.view.ActionMode;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuInflater;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.widget.Toast;
import android.widget.Toolbar;

import com.example.android.rssfeedlibrary.RssItem;

public class RssfeedActivity extends Activity
        implements MyListFragment.OnItemSelectedListener,
                                ActionMode.Callback {

    private RssItem selectedRssItem;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        Toolbar tb = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
        setActionBar(tb);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        Toolbar tb = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
        tb.inflateMenu(R.menu.mainmenu);
        tb.setOnMenuItemClickListener(
                new Toolbar.OnMenuItemClickListener() {
                    @Override
                    public boolean onMenuItemClick(MenuItem item) {
                        return onOptionsItemSelected(item);
                    }
                });

        return true;
    }

    //NEW
    @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        switch (item.getItemId()) {
            case R.id.action_refresh:
                    MyListFragment fragment = (MyListFragment) getFragmentManager()
                    .findFragmentById(R.id.listFragment);
                    fragment.updateListContent();
                break;
            case R.id.action_settings:
                Intent intent = new Intent(this, MyPreferences.class);
                startActivity(intent);
                Toast.makeText(this, "Action Settings selected", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT)
                        .show();
                break;

            default:
                break;
        }

        return true;
    }


    @Override
    public void onRssItemSelected(String link) {
        if (getResources().getBoolean(R.bool.twoPaneMode)) {
            DetailFragment fragment = (DetailFragment) getFragmentManager()
                    .findFragmentById(R.id.detailFragment);
            fragment.setText(link);
        } else {
            Intent intent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(),
                    DetailActivity.class);
            intent.putExtra(DetailActivity.EXTRA_URL, link);
            startActivity(intent);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void showContextMenu(RssItem item) {
        this.selectedRssItem = item;
        startActionMode(this);
    }

    @Override
    public void goToActionMode(RssItem item) {
        this.selectedRssItem = item;
        startActionMode(this);
    }


    @Override
    public boolean onCreateActionMode(ActionMode mode, Menu menu) {
        MenuInflater inflater = mode.getMenuInflater();
        inflater.inflate(R.menu.actionmode, menu);
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onPrepareActionMode(ActionMode mode, Menu menu) {
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onActionItemClicked(ActionMode mode, MenuItem item) {
        Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
        intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "I found this interesting link" +
                        selectedRssItem.getLink());
        intent.setType("text/plain");
        startActivity(intent);
        mode.finish(); // Action picked, so close the CAB
        selectedRssItem = null;
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public void onDestroyActionMode(ActionMode mode) {

    }
}

In your adapter implement a LongClickListener which triggers the contextual action mode.

package com.example.android.rssreader;

import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.TextView;

import com.bumptech.glide.Glide;
import com.example.android.rssfeedlibrary.RssItem;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Random;

public class RssItemAdapter
        extends RecyclerView.Adapter<RssItemAdapter.ViewHolder> {

    private List<RssItem> rssItems;
    private MyListFragment myListFragment;

    @Override
    public ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        View v= null;
        v = LayoutInflater.
                from(parent.getContext()).
                inflate(R.layout.rowlayout, parent, false);
        return new ViewHolder(v);
    }


    public static class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
        public View mainLayout;
        public TextView txtHeader;
        public TextView txtFooter;
        public ImageView imageView;

        public ViewHolder(View v) {
            super(v);
            mainLayout = v;
            txtHeader = (TextView) v.findViewById(R.id.rsstitle);
            txtFooter = (TextView) v.findViewById(R.id.rssurl);
            imageView = (ImageView) v.findViewById(R.id.icon);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(final ViewHolder holder, final int position) {
        final RssItem rssItem = rssItems.get(position);
        holder.txtHeader.setText(rssItem.getTitle());
        holder.txtFooter.setText(rssItem.getLink());
        holder.mainLayout.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                myListFragment.updateDetail(rssItem.getLink());
            }
        });
        holder.mainLayout.setOnLongClickListener(new View.OnLongClickListener() {

            @Override
            public boolean onLongClick(View v) {
                myListFragment.goToActionMode(rssItem);
                return true;
            }

        });
    }

    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        return rssItems.size();
    }


    public RssItemAdapter(List<RssItem> rssItems, MyListFragment myListFragment) {
        this.rssItems = rssItems;
        this.myListFragment = myListFragment;
    }


}

4. Making the action bar dynamic

4.1. Custom views in the action bar

You can also add a custom view to the action bar, for example, a button or a text field.

For this you use the setCustomView method of the ActionView class. You also have to enable the display of custom views via the setDisplayOptions() method by passing in the ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM flag.

For example, you can define a layout file which contains a EditText element.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<EditText xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/searchfield"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:inputType="textFilter" >

</EditText>

This layout can be assigned in an activity to the action bar via the following code. The example code also attaches a listener to the custom view.

package com.vogella.android.actionbar.customviews;

import android.app.ActionBar;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.KeyEvent;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.TextView.OnEditorActionListener;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

        @Override
        protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
                super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
                setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

                ActionBar actionBar = getActionBar();
                // add the custom view to the action bar
                actionBar.setCustomView(R.layout.actionbar_view);
                EditText search = (EditText) actionBar.getCustomView().findViewById(
                                R.id.searchfield);
                search.setOnEditorActionListener(new OnEditorActionListener() {

                        @Override
                        public boolean onEditorAction(TextView v, int actionId,
                                        KeyEvent event) {
                                Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Search triggered",
                                                Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                                return false;
                        }
                });
                actionBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM
                                | ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_HOME);
        }

}

4.2. Action view

An action view _ is a widget that appears in the _action bar as a substitute for an action item’s button. You can, for example, use this feature to replace an action item with a ProgressBar view. An action view for an action can be defined via the android:actionLayout or android:actionViewClass attribute to specify either a layout resource or widget class to use.

This replacement is depicted in the following screenshots.

Before activating the ActionView
ActionViews running

The following activity replaces the icon at runtime with an action view which contains a ProgressBar view.

package com.vogella.android.actionbar.progress;

import android.app.ActionBar;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.AsyncTask;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

        private MenuItem menuItem;

        @Override
        protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
                super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
                setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
                ActionBar actionBar = getActionBar();
                actionBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_HOME
                                | ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_TITLE | ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
        }

        @Override
        public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
                getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
                return true;
        }

        @Override
        public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
                switch (item.getItemId()) {
                case R.id.menu_load:
                        menuItem = item;
                        menuItem.setActionView(R.layout.progressbar);
                        menuItem.expandActionView();
                        TestTask task = new TestTask();
                        task.execute("test");
                        break;
                default:
                        break;
                }
                return true;
        }

        private class TestTask extends AsyncTask<String, Void, String> {

                @Override
                protected String doInBackground(String... params) {
                        // Simulate something long running
                        try {
                                Thread.sleep(2000);
                        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                                e.printStackTrace();
                        }
                        return null;
                }

                @Override
                protected void onPostExecute(String result) {
                        menuItem.collapseActionView();
                        menuItem.setActionView(null);
                }
        };
}

The following code shows the layout used for the action view.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<ProgressBar xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:id="@+id/progressBar2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content">

</ProgressBar>

The following code shows the XML files for the menu.

<menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >

    <item
        android:id="@+id/menu_settings"
        android:orderInCategory="100"
        android:showAsAction="always"
        android:title="Settings"
        />

    <item
        android:id="@+id/menu_load"
        android:icon="@drawable/navigation_refresh"
        android:orderInCategory="200"
        android:showAsAction="always"
        android:title="Load"/>

</menu>

5. Action provider

5.1. What is an action provider?

An action provider defines rich menu interaction in a single component. It can generate action views, which are used in the action bar, dynamically populate sub-menus of an action and handle default action invocations.

The base class for an action provider is the ActionProvider class.

Currently the Android platform provides two action providers: the MediaRouteActionProvider and the ShareActionProvider.

5.2. Example: usage of the ShareActionProvider

The following demonstrates the usage of the ShareActionProvider. This action provider allows you to grab selected content from applications which have registered the Intent.ACTION_SEND intent.

To use ShareActionProvider, you have to define a special menu entry for it and assign an intent which contains the sharing data to it.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >

   <item android:id="@+id/menu_share"
          android:title="Share"
          android:showAsAction="ifRoom"
          android:actionProviderClass="android.widget.ShareActionProvider" />
    <item
        android:id="@+id/item1"
        android:showAsAction="ifRoom"
        android:title="More entries...">
    </item>

</menu>
        @Override
        public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
                getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.activity_main, menu);

                // Get the ActionProvider for later usage
                provider = (ShareActionProvider) menu.findItem(R.id.menu_share)
                                .getActionProvider();
                return true;
        }

        @Override
        public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
                switch (item.getItemId()) {
                case R.id.menu_share:
                        doShare();
                        break;
                default:
                        break;
                }
                return true;
        }

        public void doShare() {
                // populate the share intent with data
                Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
                intent.setType("text/plain");
                intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "This is a message for you");
                provider.setShareIntent(intent);
        }

6.1. Application icon as home

The action bar shows an icon of your application. This is called the home icon. You can assign an action to this icon. The recommendation is to return to the main activity in your program if the user selects this icon.

If the action is selected, the onOptionsItemSelected() method is called with an action which has the android.R.id.home ID.

Before Android 4.1, you had to use the android.R.id.home ID in the onOptionMenuItemSelected() method and enable the selection of the home button. This is demonstrated by the following code in which the SecondActivity activity defines the MainActivity as home.

package com.vogella.android.actionbar.homebutton;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.app.ActionBar;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;

public class SecondActivity extends Activity {

        @Override
        protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
                super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
                setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

                // enable the home button
                ActionBar actionBar = getActionBar();
                actionBar.setHomeButtonEnabled(true);
        }

        @Override
        public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
                getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
                return true;
        }

        @Override
        public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
                switch (item.getItemId()) {
                case android.R.id.home:
                        Intent intent = new Intent(this, MainActivity.class);
                        intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP);
                        startActivity(intent);
                        break;
                        // Something else
                case R.id.action_settings:
                        intent = new Intent(this, ThirdActivity.class);
                        startActivity(intent);
                default:
                        break;
                }
                return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
        }

}

As of Android 4.1 you can simply set the parentActivityName in the AndroidManifest.xml file pointing to the parent activity.

<activity
  android:name="SecondActivity"
  android:label="@string/app_name"
  android:parentActivityName="MainActivity" >
</activity>

6.2. Application icon as Up button

You can use the application icon also as Up button, e.g., to go to the parent activity of the current activity. The back button on the device always returns to the previous activity.

Both can be different, for example, if the user started the option to write an email from the home screen, the back button will return the user to the home screen while the Up button would return the user to the activity which shows an overview of all emails.

To enable the Up display, you can use the following code snippet in your activity.

actionBar.setDisplayUseLogoEnabled(false);
actionBar.setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);
This snippet only enables the Up display on your home icon. You need to implement the correct behavior in your activity in the onOptionsItemSelected() method. The corresponding action still has the android.R.id.home ID.
The difference between Up and the Back button can be confusing for the end user. If you decide to implement Up, in your application, it is recommended to perform some end user testing to see if the Up implementation is intuitive for them or not.

7. Exercise: ActionBar

7.1. Project

This chapter will demonstrate how to create actions in the action bar and react to the selection of the user.

It is based on the fragment tutorial which can be found under: https:///www.vogella.com/tutorials/AndroidFragments/article.html If you have already created this project, you can continue to reuse it. If not, the following describes the required setup to continue with this tutorial.

8. Exercise: Add a toolbar to your application

8.1. Add a refresh icon

Continue to use the RSS Reader project. Create a new icon called ic_refresh.

8.2. Add a menu XML resource

Create a new XML resource for your menu called mainmenu.xml.

Add two entries so that the resulting XML file, similar to the following listing. You may have to type these entries, as the time of this writing Android Studio offers no code completion of menus.

<menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >

    <item
        android:id="@+id/action_refresh"
        android:orderInCategory="100"
        android:showAsAction="ifRoom"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_action_refresh"
        android:title="Refresh"/>
    <item
        android:id="@+id/action_settings"
        android:title="Settings"
        android:showAsAction="never"
        >
    </item>

</menu>

8.3. Add a toolbar view to your activity layout

Change the layout files of your RssfeedActivity activity to also contain a toolbar entry.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:orientation="horizontal"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
        android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
        android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
        android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
        >

        <fragment
            android:id="@+id/listFragment"
            class="com.example.android.rssreader.MyListFragment"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            tools:layout="@layout/fragment_rsslist_overview"></fragment>

        <fragment
            android:id="@+id/detailFragment"
            class="com.example.android.rssreader.DetailFragment"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="2"
            tools:layout="@layout/fragment_rssitem_detail" />

    </LinearLayout>

    <Toolbar
        android:id="@+id/toolbar"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        >

    </Toolbar>
</LinearLayout>

Change your RssfeedActivity class to the following code, to configure the toolbar view.

package com.example.android.rssreader;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;

public class RssfeedActivity extends Activity implements MyListFragment.OnItemSelectedListener {
        // Unchanged
        @Override
        public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
                super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
                setContentView(R.layout.activity_rssfeed);
                Toolbar tb = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
            // ensure toolbar acts as action bar
                setActionBar(tb);
        }

        //New
        @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        Toolbar tb = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
        tb.inflateMenu(R.menu.mainmenu);
        tb.setOnMenuItemClickListener(
                new Toolbar.OnMenuItemClickListener() {
                    @Override
                    public boolean onMenuItemClick(MenuItem item) {
                        return onOptionsItemSelected(item);
                    }
                });
        return true;
    }

        //New
        @Override
        public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
                switch (item.getItemId()) {
                case R.id.action_refresh:
                        Toast.makeText(this, "Action refresh selected", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT)
                                        .show();
                        break;
                case R.id.action_settings:
                        Toast.makeText(this, "Action Settings selected", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT)
                                        .show();
                        break;

                default:
                        break;
                }

                return true;
        }

        // Other methods which this class implements
}
Ensure to add the toolbar entry to both layout files for the RssfeedActivity activity.

8.4. Run the application and test the toolbar

Run your application and validate that you can select both of your actions. Ensure that the correct info message is displayed if you select the different entries.

Social App running

If your device or emulator has an Option menu button, you will not see the overflow menu. Press the Option key to see your second action.

9. Android ActionBar Resources

Copyright © 2012-2016 vogella GmbH. Free use of the software examples is granted under the terms of the EPL License. This tutorial is published under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Germany license.

See Licence.